Back and spine injury is the damage to the back and the spinal cord that occurs due to trauma to the muscles, bones, or other tissues in the back. The injuries resulting from this often results in permanent damage to a person’s strength, sensation, and lower bodily functions.
According to the Spinal Cord Injury Statistics, each year, there are approximately 12,500 new spinal cord injuries that have been recorded. This means to say that, 40 million individuals suffers from such injury every year. Half of this number often affects young people from age 16 to 30.
Take a look at the following information to learn more about what are the common types of back and spine injury and their common causes.
Most common back and spine injuries
The herniated disc also called a slipped disc is when the disc cushions of the cartilage separate from other vertebrae in the spinal column. The common cause of which is aging, as the disk may tend to break down and downgrade as you age. Although other causes such as improper lifting, smoking, obesity, repetitive stress, and sudden pressure on the back, can also cause it.
Spondylolysis or Spondylolisthesis
This condition arises when one bone in the spine slides over the bone located under it. It usually brings severe pain in the lower back or at the buttocks. Ther are some cases when the person who is experiencing Spondolysis becomes a little limp due to the radiating pain that is felt in their legs. In extreme cases, a patient can also lose bladder or bowel control.
Cervical Radiculopathy Or Pinched Nerve
This occurs due to the compression of the nerve that is found near the cervical vertebrae. The patient experiencing pinched nerve often experiences pain that radiates from the neck up to the shoulder. There are also instances when the patient may complain about tingling sensation in their hands or numbness. Some of the most common causes of this are an exertion of too much force on the invertebral disc.
A fracture in the vertebrae is an injury wherein the bone fragments in the back breaks and causes damage to the spinal nerves and spinal cord. This usually occurs when the vertebra is compressed due to trauma, extreme force, car accidents, sports, falls, or gunshot.
Complete Spinal Cord Injury
Complete spinal cord injury is the damage caused to the spine that is usually irreparable. It is the case when the spinal cord is completely severed, thus eliminating its function. At most cases, the injury that results to this is permanent, although, with physical treatment and therapy, where it can be possible to regain its function.
Incomplete Spinal Cord Injury
Incomplete spinal cord injury refers to the partial damage caused to the spinal cord. Since the cord is only partially severed, this injury allows retention of some of the functions of the spine. In this case, the ability of the spine to function will depend upon the extent of the injury and the area of the spine that has been injured.
Most common causes of back and spine injuries
- Motor vehicle accidents. One of the leading causes of back and spinal cord injury is car and motorcycle accident. Half of the spinal cord injuries that have been reported each year has been accounted as a result of motor vehicle accidents.
- More than 15% of spinal cord injuries are caused by falls. People with ages 65 years old and above that have experienced spinal cord injury often relates the cause to a fall.
- Acts of violence. Violent encounters, that often involves knife and gunshot wounds make up at least 12% of the cases of back and spine injuries.
- Sports and recreation injuries. About 10% of the back and spinal cord injuries are caused by athletic activities like diving and other impact sports.
- Alcohol as a factor, has been seen in one out of four spinal cord injuries.
- Other causes of spinal cord injuries are illnesses such as cancer, osteoporosis, arthritis, and inflammation of the spine.
The injuries in the back and the spine that is caused by an individual may often cause pain and limit one’s ability to move. Treatments to address each condition may vary. At most times, continuous medical attention and lengthy physical therapy sessions are required.
Costly Medical Treatments
It cannot be denied that the treatment to address this condition is costly. At most times, not only will the patient suffer from it but as well as their families who are spending their life savings for the treatment of their loved ones. This is a reason why back injury lawsuit is becoming more prevalent.
Seek for Legal Help
The cases that are being filed in relation to back and spine injury is increasing due to the heightened costs of medical treatments and physical therapies. Depending on the cause of the injury, a lawsuit can be one of the best resorts for the patient and their families to have compensation for damages caused, and as well as continuous medical aid for the victim.